“Multi-Factor Authentication is one of THE most effective controls an agency can implement to prevent cyber intrusion” – Cyber Security Operations Centre, Australian Government Department of Defence, Intelligence and Security, June 2014

Multi-factor authentication with tokens such as smart cards or USB devices improves the security of access control. The signing of legally binding documents can also be achieved using these services. This improves security and auditing functionality when accessing data, information, locations or equipment.

Hardware tokens can also be used to provide confidentiality services. The digital encryption of data at transit and at rest (for example emails and other forms of messaging) means that only the intended recipient(s) of the message can decode and read the message.